At the end of this article is a link, which the article introduces. What is not in the link is the idea that there was a time when the rotational axis of the earth was tilted more “to the side” (away from being perpendicular to the orbit around the sun). In other words, for a bigger portion of the planet, there was a cool hazy period lasting about six months and then the lord of light would ascend from the underworld (below the horizon) back in to heaven, where there would be six months (or more… depending on the exact region) of warmth and brightness (and vegetation).
In the darkest period, which was around winter solstice (in the northern hemisphere), the lord of light would be conceived (the Mother Earth goddess of Ishtar AKA Isis would be impregnated by the Heavenly Father). Three months later (during a festival always counted off of new moons… AKA the festival of the east / Easter/ Ishtar), the lord of light would be resurrected.
Then, three months after the resurrection, then the lord of light would fall to the earth again, which took three months as well. Then, three months after the lord of light had traveled in to the underworld to visit his queen, he would reach her and they would perform their annual ritual of intercourse. Three months later, the new lord of light would be born (reborn).
The first month of the year (by that count) is march, the time of mars or Aries. October means eighth month. November means ninth month. December means tenth month. The eleventh and twelfth are January and February. March is the month of the resurrection (or new year), at least in the old calendar system from when the months were named.
What do I mean exactly? In most systems of astrology, the first of the twelve thirty day months starts in march (specifically, on the solar festival which happens on march 21 or 22).
Why is it that February is the only short month and sometimes has an extra day? Because it is the final month of the year. It is the month for “recalibrations.”
So, from that alleged “pre-flood” (pre-cataclysm) period, there were natural cycles from which all the main religions of the last several thousand years were derived. With the sudden shifting of the earth’s axis (the poles), there was a great flood and a new age (with a new climate).
The culture rooted in the pre-flood period continued, with the weekdays and month names. The days of the week were named for the time of the sun (lasting six months), then the passage of the moon through the zodiac signs of Tyr, Wodin, Thor, Freya, and Saturn. Each 28-day lunar phase cycle was “one of the 6 seasons of the period of darkness.”
Also, the reason that there are seven repeating units of time, with the last being the “period of rest / dormancy,” is also explained by this model. There are six days of activity, then one day of rest, right? What if the “day of rest / the sabbath” is also six times longer than the other six days?
So, if you imagine people who lived through 6 months with no direct sunlight, it is easy enough to understand why it was so important to them to count the lunar phases (the months). They divided the annual cycle in to 12 moons, including the rather famous “harvest moon” in the autumn. However, the moon itself was only so important for 6 of those moons, so the other 6 moons of the year are all contained in the season of the sun’s prominence. There is the sun entering Aries (March), then Gemini, Cancer etc, and those 6 periods are followed by a period of rest or dormancy (which is 6 times as long).
I can also explain why a clock is round. Why on a clock is there a round cycle of twelve “houses / hours of the sun”? In the middle of the 6 months of sunlight, the sun literally would not set. It would still be visible. It is lowest in the sky to the south, then rotates up toward the east, the comes back around to the high noon (the 12 on a clock), then rotates down toward the west, then goes back to the south, but never sets (or not for that 24-hour period). After reaching the low point, it starts back up.
(This also implies that the people who invented the clock must have been north of the earth’s equator. For them, looking south, the sun actually moved through the sky just like on the face of a clock.)
I do not know why western cultures use 2 12-hour periods. The daily cycle of 12 2-hour periods of Traditional Chinese Medicine are actually derived from the pre-flood counting system.
Suddenly, the mystery of a global obsession with counting seven periods of time makes total sense. It was VERY important to them to count the moon’s 6 phases across the season(s) of darkness (AKA the time of rest / the sabbath). The one other period (that lasted 6 months) was as dangerous.
So, the 3 main annual festivals were the death of the lord of light, the conception of the lord of light (AKA “the festival of lights”), and the rebirth of the lord of light. Modern cultures carry the death festival as Halloween, then the ancient conception festival is misidentified as a birth festival (such as Christmas and the other Dec. 25 holidays, like the birth of Buddha. Mithras, Dionysus, etc). The festival of Ishtar / Easter is the dawning of the reborn sun, but also includes a minor festival of death three days prior.
What is the “3-day” issue? That is actually in reference to the moon. When the moon “dies” or goes dark, there are usually 3 full nights when it cannot be seen (depending on how far someone is from the equator). 3 days after “dying,” the moon is reborn.
So, Christmas is 3 days after the solstice and Easter is 3 days after the day of “the death festival.” Ancient people did not track the exact solstice, but they could easily track the moon, so they dated a major festival from the cycles of the moon and we now call that festival “Easter.”
All of these traditions make sense if one understands the actual natural origins of the practices and festivals. Of course they monitored the constellations and the moon’s movements through them. Of course they noticed that in the hottest part of the year, the sun was visible making a complete circle in the sky. How could they not notice that?
As the sun’s full cycle started to drop below the horizon for some of the day or half of the day or most of the day, how could they not notice that? How could they not notice that huge temperature fluctuations corresponded to cycles of the sun?
Did various kinds of plants appear at certain predictable seasons? Did certain animals (like birds first and then larger land animals) return at certain times? Was there a sequence of which kind of animals were “in season?”
These are just natural cycles. The social rituals to celebrate those cycles are the roots of seasons like Lent and Pentecost.
“The [SIX] Church Seasons follow the life of Jesus Christ, beginning with the preparation for his birth in Advent, the birth of the Christ child at Christmas, the journey of discipleship in Epiphany as the Wise Men follow the star to Bethlehem, the preparation for remembrance of Jesus’ passion and death during Lent and Holy Week, the resurrection of Jesus from the dead at Easter, and his ascension into Heaven. [the lord of light is again visible in the sky]
After his ascension, we celebrate the outpouring of the Holy Spirit [shining of the sun] at Pentecost and build our relationship with the risen [visible] Christ during this season.”