I live in an imperialist society. To thrive within this society, it can be very helpful to understand the nature of the society (which is distinct from various other types of social organization). Further, a lack of understanding of the nature of our society can be risky for personal survival.
So, the foundation of this society is a military empire. One of the main historical ancestors of our current empire is the military empire expanded by the ancient Hebrew leader Moses. We’ll mention several well-publicized details about Moses later.
First, let us note that within our society, the historical foundations of our empire are, oddly enough, not well-known by most people within it. In fact, within military hierarchies, it is common (even standard or essential) for there to be a variety layers of secrecy (or levels of “security clearance”).
For instance, there may be covert influences or secret societies which guide the formal military hierarchies. In the early 20th century, a Major General in the USMC named Smedley Butler published a book called “War is a Racket” in which he detailed how the military invasions which he led in central America were commercially-directed campaigns to benefit specific US fruit companies that intended to exploit the climate, soil, and human resources of central America. The campaigns were extremely successful.
So, in all imperialist societies, the militaries dominate the laboring classes (the “human resources”) on behalf of the privileged classes. However, above the privileged classes is the ruling class.
The fact of disproportionate influence by a ruling class may be widely known, such as in the case of influence centralized in mainstream media, mainstream schools, and mainstream religious institutions. The relevance of secrecy is that the specific methods of influence may not be well understood by the masses.
In fact, the masses may not only be ignorant of the nature of how they are ruled, but systematically misled. Again, within a military context, it is common (standard) to systematically deceive and demoralize any military targets.
Earlier, I mentioned Moses. Let’s review a few passages from a book that is generally accepted as the most popular book (by far) for the last few hundred years at least: the Bible of the various Christian traditions.
One detail that is interesting to me is the idea that the tithes (offerings of wealth) given to the priests originally were voluntary donations with no consequences for failure to pay tithes. Is that accurate? Or was it a rule which was harshly punished if violated?
Failure to conform to the rules of the ancient Hebrew society had severe penalties. For instance, let’s read from the fourth book of the Old Testament, which titled “Numbers,” focusing on chapter 15, verses 32-36:
32 While the Israelites were in the wilderness, a man was found gathering wood on the Sabbath day. 33 Those who found him gathering wood brought him to Moses and Aaron and the whole assembly, 34 and they kept him in custody, because it was not clear what should be done to him. 35 Then the Lord said to Moses, “The man must die. The whole assembly must stone him outside the camp.” 36 So the assembly took him outside the camp and stoned him to death, as the Lord commanded Moses.
So, in that verse, a man is killed for the crime of gathering wood on a day on which it was forbidden to do any labor. Next, let’s review the punishments made against hundreds of people (including women and children). We are reading from chapter 16, starting at verse 16:
Moses said to Korah, “You and all your followers are to appear before the Lord tomorrow—you and they and Aaron.
19When Korah had gathered all his followers … at the entrance to the tent of meeting, the glory of the Lord appeared to the entire assembly. 20The Lord said to Moses and Aaron, 21“Separate yourselves from this assembly so I can put an end to them at once.”
23Then the Lord said to Moses, 24“Say to the assembly, ‘Move away from the tents of Korah, Dathan and Abiram.’”
25Moses got up and went to Dathan and Abiram, and the elders of Israel followed him. 26He warned the assembly, “Move back from the tents of these wicked men! Do not touch anything belonging to them, or you will be swept away because of all their sins.” 27 So they moved away from the tents of Korah, Dathan and Abiram. Dathan and Abiram had come out and were standing with their wives, children and little ones at the entrances to their tents.
31…the ground under them split apart 32and the earth opened its mouth and swallowed them and their households, and all those associated with Korah, together with their possessions. 33They went down alive into the realm of the dead, with everything they owned; the earth closed over them, and they perished and were gone from the community.
35 And fire came out from the Lord and consumed the 250 men
39 So Eleazar the priest collected the bronze [objects] brought by those who had been burned to death, and he had [the bronze] hammered out to overlay the altar….”
Now on to the subject of military conquest (the expansion of an empire), we read from Numbers, chapter 21:
31 So Israel settled in the land of the Amorites.
32 After Moses had sent spies to Jazer, the Israelites captured its surrounding settlements and drove out the Amorites who were there. 33Then they turned and went up along the road toward Bashan, and Og king of Bashan and his whole army marched out to meet them in battle at Edrei.
34The Lord said to Moses, “Do not be afraid of him, for I have delivered him into your hands, along with his whole army and his land. Do to him what you did to Sihon king of the Amorites, who reigned in Heshbon.”
35 So they struck him down, together with his sons and his whole army, leaving them no survivors. And they took possession of his land.
In addition to slaughtering enemies, there are also cases of the enslavement of captured survivors. Note that the specific survivors in the report below were thousands of virgin females, who were classified as “tribute,” as in involuntary “human resources” delivered along with captured livestock. This is from Chapter 31 (still in the Book of Numbers):
1 The Lord said to Moses, 2“Take vengeance on the Midianites for the Israelites….’
3 So Moses said to the people, “Arm some of your men to go to war against the Midianites so that they may carry out the Lord’s vengeance on them. 4Send into battle a thousand men from each of the tribes of Israel.”
7 They fought against Midian, as the Lord commanded Moses, and killed every man.
9 The Israelites captured the Midianite women and children and took all the Midianite herds, flocks and goods as plunder.
14 Moses was angry with the officers of the army—the commanders of thousands and commanders of hundreds—who returned from the battle.
15 “Have you allowed all the women to live?” he asked them.
17 Now kill all the boys. And kill every woman who has slept with a man, 18 but save for yourselves every girl who has never slept with a man.”
25 The Lord said to Moses, 26“You and Eleazar the priest and the family heads of the community are to count all the people and animals that were captured. 27 Divide the spoils equally between the soldiers who took part in the battle and the rest of the community.
32 The plunder remaining from the spoils that the soldiers took was 675,000 sheep,
33 72,000 cattle, 3461,000 donkeys
35 and 32,000 women who had never slept with a man.
36The half share of those who fought in the battle was:
37 of which the tribute for the Lord was 675;
38 36,000 cattle, of which the tribute for the Lord was 72;
39 30,500 donkeys, of which the tribute for the Lord was 61;
40 16,000 people, of whom the tribute for the Lord was 32.
48Then the officers who were over the units of the army…went to Moses 49and said to him, … we have brought as an offering to the Lord the gold articles each of us acquired—armlets, bracelets, signet rings, earrings and necklaces—to make atonement for ourselves before the Lord.”
51 Moses and Eleazar the priest accepted from them the gold—all the crafted articles. 52 All the gold from the commanders of thousands and commanders of hundreds that Moses and Eleazar presented as a gift to the Lord weighed 16,750 shekels. [420 pounds].
Another English word that we see in the Book of Numbers is “inheritance.” However, it seems to simply refer to a promised obligation that other tribes owe to the Israelites. Failure to pay the “inheritance” is promised to result in severe punishment.
20 Then Moses said to [Gadites and Reubenites], “If you will do this—if you will arm yourselves before the Lord for battle 21 and if all of you who are armed cross over the Jordan before the Lord until he has driven his enemies out before him— 22 then when the land is subdued before the Lord, you may return and be free from your obligation to the Lord and to Israel. And this land will be your possession before the Lord. 23 But if you fail to do this, you will be sinning against the Lord; and you may be sure that your sin will find you out.”
What does it mean that, if the other tribes join the Hebrew empire, then “this land will be your possession BEFORE the Lord?” The idea is that the Hebrew empire recognizes certain claims of property ownership but does not recognize other claims of property ownership.
For instance, when the Hebrew armies invade and colonize a region, they may allow the occupied nation to live and even to own property within the colony that has been newly included in the Hebrew military empire. Why would the Hebrews not just slaughter everyone except for the virgin women which they enslave?
Military empires often allow cooperative populations to live… as long as the those occupied nations continue to pay tribute to the rulers. As long as the youth of those nations continue to be available as soldiers in the military campaigns directed by the rulers, why not let them remain available as soldiers while at the same time increasing the economic might of the empire?
If they are reliable human resources, let them contribute as long as it is expedient. However, if they are no longer valuable to the empire, so be it.
So, the basic method of social influence in the ancient Hebrew society was the threat of violence. Individuals were executed in public rituals of human sacrifice. Opposing ethnic groups were slaughtered. Virgin females were enslaved.
Further, as time went on, the Hebrew tribes were given a special, protected privilege by the rulers. They were allowed to extend loans at interest (which was a capital crime for Christians).
In other words, the general population of Hebrews eventually shifted from being the military power to being a privileged class (a status that no longer exposed them to the major risks of military activity). Other groups were made to act as soldiers, such as in the case of the Swiss Guard that still serves in the Vatican.
As an extension or new branch of the Hebrew empires (and others before it), the Holy Empire of Rome ruled over many kingdoms. The “king of kings” had the power to coronate (crown) regional rulers as well as to dethrone them.
Major political decisions in the regional governments had to be approved by the higher authorities in Rome. Further, if the rulers wanted to assemble armies from many different regions to launch a Crusade, the Pope could dictate that order and the regional rulers would comply (or face severe penalties).
“Do you want to know who rules over you? Simply find out who are you not allowed to criticize.” – Voltaire
There was a time when the Hebrews openly dominated large territories. However, their territorial domination in modern times is either tiny or covert.
Do they exert disproportionate influence in Hollywood and other key institutions? If so, are they are class of people that is being given privileges by one or more rulers that maintain their loyalty and compliance through threats of various kinds of punishment (perhaps including eternal torture in hell)? Are they the global rulers or simply the “tools” (human resources) of other less obvious rulers?
Back to the middle ages when the Hebrews of that time were given special privileges enforced by the military might of the Holy Empire in Rome, was Rome the instrument of the Hebrews or were the Hebrews simply allies of a much more powerful Vatican? That question may not be easy to research (and perhaps some people like it that way). However, let’s turn to some historical details that are uncontroversial and still on the same general subject….
In addition to the official governing institutions of modern times, such as the European Union, the United Nations, and the Vatican, are there groups who guide all of them in secret? In particular, why is Switzerland not a member of the European Union? To what groups do the European Union owe most of their debts?
The history of Switzerland (which was founded in the late 13th century) begins just after the official disappearance of the Knights Templar (and of their vast treasures). Is it possible that an international banking cartel was created by the Knights Templar and then transformed into the Swiss government (and banking system)?
Why were the Swiss neutral in so many times of military conflict? How much wealth did they amass by lending money at interest to both sides in conflict after conflict? How much money did they amass by secretly encouraging wars between the various regional populations of Europe (and elsewhere)?
Looking at modern maps of the European Union, isn’t it odd that in the center of the area, but not in the union, is Switzerland? Obviously, not everyone in Switzerland has the same level of influence. For instance, young men from Switzerland are still sent to Rome to be guards at the Vatican.
However, who rules the other: the Vatican or the rulers of Switzerland? Is it possible that the wealthy elite that rule Switzerland also extend vast influence over the Vatican, the EU, the UN, and throughout an immense empire?