In 1302, a Pope admits being the King of Kings (Holy Roman Emperor)

On the Church of Empiracy:

Pope Benedictus XVI

Pope Benedictus XVI on one of his thrones (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

In 1302, a Roman Pope formally publicized his claim as King of Kings, ruler of the entire planet, Military General Dictator. That Papal Bull was issued in Latin, but an English translation is below an introductory comment from

Ronald L. Conte Jr.
Roman Catholic theologian and Bible translator
20 October 2011


Spiritual power rules over temporal power

Mr. Conte wrote (almost exactly a year ago today in 2011):

The Church can issue doctrines, under Her spiritual authority, and also rules and rulings, under Her temporal authority. The temporal authority of the Church also includes overseeing temporal governments, human laws, and society in general. The Church PERMITS temporal governments to exercise SUBSTANTIAL temporal authority. Even so, the Church retains the authority to correct any errors in government and society, as Unam Sanctam later explains: “Therefore, if the earthly power goes astray, it will be judged by the spiritual power….” (Unam Sanctam, n. 7).

<emphasis added>

An image of Pope Alexander I. Ultramontane Cat...

An image of Pope Alexander I. Ultramontane Catholics emphasized the authority of the Pope over temporal affairs of civil governments as well as the spiritual affairs of the Church. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Here is an English translation of the 1302 Declaration:

Regarding military power and propaganda/propagating of doctrine/indoctrination… “the former is to be administered _for_ the Church but the latter by the Church; the latter in the hands of the priest; the  former by the hands of kings and soldiers, but at the will [nod] and sufferance of the priest.”

(Above paragraph adheres to Cardinal Manning‘s 1875 translation in to English, which corrects a common error of prior translations. See: )

However, one sword ought to be subordinated to the other and temporal authority, subjected to spiritual power. For since the Apostle said: ‘There is no power except from God and the things that are, are ordained of God’ [Rom 13:1-2], but they would not be ordained if one sword were not subordinated to the other and if the inferior one, as it were, were not led upwards by the other.

For, according to the Blessed Dionysius, it is a law of the divinity that the lowest things reach the highest place by intermediaries. Then, according to the order of the universe, all things are not led back to order equally and immediately, but the lowest by the intermediary, and the inferior by the superior. Hence we must recognize the more clearly that spiritual power surpasses in dignity and in nobility any temporal power whatever, as spiritual things surpass the temporal.

This we see very clearly also by the payment, benediction, and consecration of the tithes, but the acceptance of power itself and by the government even of things. For with truth as our witness, it belongs to spiritual power to establish the terrestrial power and to pass judgement if it has not been good. Thus is accomplished the prophecy of Jeremias concerning the Church and the ecclesiastical power: ‘Behold to-day I have placed you over nations, and over kingdoms’ and the rest. Therefore, if the terrestrial power err, it will be judged by the spiritual power.

…Furthermore, we declare, we proclaim, we define that it is absolutely necessary for salvation that every human creature be subject to the Roman Pontiff.”

Fresco of Approving of bylaw of Society of Jes...

Fresco of Approving of bylaw of Society of Jesus (The Jesuits). (in Czech: Potvrzení regulí jezuitského řádu) in Church of Our Lady Of the Snow in Olomouc (Czech Republic). Fresco was made by Jan Kryštof Handke (Johann Christoph Handke) (1694-1774) after 1743. There is depicted Ignatius of Loyola receiving papal bull Regimini militantis Ecclesiae from Pope Paul III. in September 27, 1540. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

153 years later in 1455, another Papal Bull specified not only the ongoing formation of an international trading cartel with the Pope as authority over all sea ports and all merchandise shipped over the sea, but also a more explicit design for colonialist enslavement of the masses of humanity:

we had formerly by other letters of ours granted among other things free and ample faculty to the aforesaid King Alfonso to invade, search out, capture, vanquish, and subdue all Saracens and pagans whatsoever, and other enemies of Christ wheresoever placed, and the kingdoms, dukedoms, principalities, dominions, possessions, and all movable and immovable goods whatsoever held and possessed by them and to reduce their persons to perpetual slavery, and to apply and appropriate to himself and his successors the kingdoms, dukedoms, counties, principalities, dominions, possessions, and goods, and to convert them to his and their use and profit.

… Therefore let no one infringe or with rash boldness contravene this our declaration, constitution,… mandate, and will. But if anyone should presume to do so, be it known to him that he will incur the wrath of Almighty God and of the blessed apostles Peter and Paul. Given at Rome, at Saint Peter’s, on the eighth day of January, in the year of the incarnation of our Lord one thousand four hundred and fifty-four, and in the eighth year of our pontificate.”

emblem of the Papacy: Triple tiara and keys Fr...

emblem of the Papacy: Triple tiara and keys Français : emblème pontifical Italiano: emblema del Papato Português: Emblema papal. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)


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2 Responses to “In 1302, a Pope admits being the King of Kings (Holy Roman Emperor)”

  1. The voting ritual, submission, and “betrayal blindness” « power of language blog: partnering with reality by JR Fibonacci Says:

    […]… […]

  2. Grateful or Guilty: the reality of Imperialism | power of language blog: partnering with reality by JR Fibonacci Says:

    […] thousand years or so, according to some historians, were the British Monarchy and the Vatican. In 1302, a pope even issued a decree commanding for the global supremacy of the Holy Roman Empire, […]

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